Sunday, May 24, 2020
The normality of a solution is the gram equivalent weight of a solute per liter of solution. It may also be called the equivalent concentration.Ã It is indicated using the symbol N, eq/L, or meq/L ( 0.001 N) for units of concentration. For example, the concentration of a hydrochloric acid solution might be expressed as 0.1 N HCl. A gram equivalent weight or equivalent is a measure of the reactive capacity of a given chemical species (ion, molecule, etc.). The equivalent value is determined using the molecular weight and valence of the chemical species. Normality is the only concentration unit that is reaction dependent. Here are examples of how to calculate the normality of a solution. Key Takeaways Normality is a unit of concentration of a chemical solution expressed as gram equivalent weight of solute per liter of solution. A defined equivalence factor must be used to express concentration.Common units of normality include N, eq/L, or meq/L.Normality is the only unit of chemical concentration that depends on the chemical reaction being studied.Normality is not the most common unit of concentration, nor is its use appropriate for all chemical solutions. Typical situations when you might use normality include acid-base chemistry, redox reactions, or precipitation reactions. For most other situations, molarity or molality are better options for units. Normality Example #1 The easiest way to find normality is from molarity. All you need to know are how many mole of ions dissociate. For example, a 1 M sulfuric acid (H2SO4) is 2 N for acid-base reactions because each mole of sulfuric acid provides 2 moles of H ions. 1 M sulfuric acid is 1 N for sulfate precipitation since 1 mole of sulfuric acid provides 1 mole of sulfate ions. Normality Example #2 36.5 grams of hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a 1 N (one normal) solution of HCl. A normal is one gram equivalent of a solute per liter of solution. Since hydrochloric acid is a strong acid that dissociates completely in water, a 1 N solution of HCl would also be 1 N for H or Cl- ions for acid-base reactions. Normality Example #3 Find the normality of 0.321 g sodium carbonate in a 250 mL solution. To solve this problem, you need to know the formula for sodium carbonate. Once you realize there are two sodium ions per carbonate ion, the problem is simple: N 0.321 g Na2CO3Ã x (1 mol/105.99 g) x (2 eq/1 mol)N 0.1886 eq/0.2500 LN 0.0755 N Normality Example #4 Find the percent acid (eq wt 173.8) if 20.07 mL of 0.1100 N base is required to neutralize 0.721 g of a sample. This is essentially a matter of being able to cancel out units to obtain the final result. Remember, if given a value in milliliters (mL), its necessary to convert it to liters (L). The only tricky concept is realizing the acid and base equivalence factors will be in a 1:1 ratio. 20.07 mL x (1 L/1000 mL) x (0.1100 eq base/1 L) x (1 eq acid/1 eq base) x (173.8 g/1 eq) 0.3837 g acid When to Use Normality There are specific circumstances when its preferable to use normality rather than molarity or other unit of concentration of a chemical solution. Normality is used in acid-base chemistry to describe the concentration of hydronium (H3O) and hydroxide (OH-). In this situation, 1/feq is an integer.The equivalence factor or normality is used in precipitation reactions to indicate the number of ions that will precipitate. Here, 1/feq is once again and integer value.In redox reactions, the equivalence factor indicates how many electrons can be donated or accepted by an oxidizing or reducing agent. For redox reactions, 1/feq may be a fraction. Considerations Using Normality Normality is not an appropriate unit of concentration in all situations. First, it requires a defined equivalence factor. Second, the normality is not a set value for a chemical solution. Its value can change according to the chemical reaction being examined. For example, a solution of CaCl2 that is 2 N with respect to the chloride (Cl-) ion would only be 1 N with respect to the magnesium (Mg2) ion. Reference The use of the equivalence concept. IUPAC (archived).
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Statement of Purpose IÃ¢â¬â¢d fallen ill while visiting my grandparents in the northern part of Nigeria and was taken to a 2-room health facility where I witnessed an unfathomable scene. In the hallway, lying on a wooden bench, a pregnant woman moaned loudly, in labor. Tossing and turning, she flinched in pain as she reached around the rusted nails protruding from the bench while simultaneously following the midwifeÃ¢â¬â¢s directions. For many weeks, I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t get the image out of my head. I remember thinking, Ã¢â¬ËWhy was she giving birth on a wooden bench? Are there no beds?Ã¢â¬â¢ Of course, as I advanced in my education in the world of healthcare, I came to realize that those were deceptively simple questions that delved into issues of access to quality healthcare in low resource settings. This and other questions drove me to research and birthed my interest in public health. My first true introduction to public health research is working with marginalized and vulnerable populations who are often faced with limited access to healthcare. I became intrigued working with this group when I realized they faced limited access to HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) services. As a young researcher, I was curious to understand the risk factors that increased the high burden (25%) of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) living in Nigeria. There was limited research to inform program interventions. Yet, other high risk groups (female sex workers and injecting drug users) wereShow MoreRelatedCode Of Ethics And Professional Conduct For The Respiratory Therapist1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswithin their scope accepted and responsible practice. This statement is put in place to insure that the respiratory therapist only performs what they are competent on. The respiratory therapist should not perform any procedure that is not in the respiratory therapist s scope of practice. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Respect and protect the legal and personal rights of patients, including the right to privacy, informed consent and refusal of treatment. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) PrivacyRead MoreStatement Of Purpose For Doctoral Program1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUniversity College of Public Health Department of Health Promotion and Community Health Sciences Statement of Purpose for Doctoral Program Statement of Purpose and Objectives When submitting your Statement of Purpose and Objectives, it should be unique to each program to which you are going to apply. Your statement is intended to give you the opportunity to submit a tailored narrative which will describe your education, experience and professional career objectives. Your personal statement should describeRead MorePersonal Statement : My Experience With Healthcare Professionals837 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPERSONAL STATEMENT It gives me immense joy and satisfaction as I reflect back and write about my adventure, where working hard, learning from my mistakes and staying focused has made me the person I am today. I can recollect a series of interactions and a personal bond I made with my dentist throughout my orthodontic treatment, which left a lasting impression about the profession in my mind. I noticed a common theme in my experience with healthcare professionals, their dedication to their work, greatRead MoreThe Theory Of Goal Attainment By Imogene King895 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNursing/Nursing Practice: Theory: No specific theory was identified on the public web page, However, there is a milieu of research and frameworks that are published that have been utilized by the Banner Health System as a whole. For example, the theory of goal attainment by Imogene King is one of the theories used by the nursing staff and is evident in bedside reporting (Anderson Mangino, 2006). However, as stated in the philosophy, the art and science of nursing is demonstrated by compassionRead MoreStrategic Planning For The Michigan Department Of Human Services1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesplanning, Ã¢â¬Å"organizations develop new goals and strategies, update their missions, and create shared commitment among leaders, employees, and others regarding present and future endeavorsÃ¢â¬ (p. 64). Before the merger of the Michigan Department of Community Health and the Michigan Department of Human Services took place, I am certain there was strategic planning. Using BermanÃ¢â¬â¢s (2006) four phases of strate gic planning (p. 67), the following is a hypothetical strategic plan for MDHHS prior to its merger. BermanRead MoreWhat Is The Validity Of A Website?831 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthis website and what is their mission, can you contact the organization, and do they want your personal information (National Library of Medicine, 2012). When critiquing MyHealth.Alberta.ca it is clearly labelled as a Government of Alberta website. The mission statement was found under the Ã¢â¬Å"About UsÃ¢â¬ link which stated the intention of the site was to help Albertans retrieve easy-to-understand health information from a single site, making it user friendly and convenient with current, reliable informationRead MoreEffective Smoking Cessation Tool Or A New Way For Children1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Effective Smoking Cessation Tool or A New Way for Children to be Introduced to Nicotine? Why We Need E-Cigarette Health Policy. Jennifer A. Sibley, RN, BSN University of Florida Ã¢â¬Æ' Effective Smoking Cessation Tool or A New Way for Children to be Introduced to Nicotine? Why We Need E-Cigarette Health Policy. Background and Significance Electronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes, were invented in 2004 by Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik following his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death from lung cancerRead MoreThe Importance Of Good Versus Poor Personal Hygiene Practices1013 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrequired to learn about Disease Prevention. The CCSS that mold the structure of this lesson are as followed: 2.1 Demonstrate essential personal hygiene practices. 2.2 Identify the importance of good versus poor personal hygiene practices 2.3 Explain the importance of not sharing personal hygiene items 2.4 Describe physical/emotional/social health implications of personal hygiene Prior technology competencies: Ã¯ ¶ Ability to use a tablet to participate in interactive educational games. Ã¯ ¶ Name and letterRead MoreThe Public Health Surveillance And Program Planning Models772 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesassessing of operative programs and policies in public health by applying ethics of scientific thinking utilizing systematic uses of data and information systems,suitable use of behavioral-science theory and program-planning-models.1Scholars agree that EBPH provides assurance that decision making is based on scientific evidence and effective practices;helps ensure the retrieval of up-to-date dependable information about what works and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t for public health questions;provides assurance that time isRead MoreThe Mentally Ill O FF Ender Treatment And Crime Reduction Act Of 2004 : Problems And Prospects1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Mentally Ill OÃ¯ ¬â¬ender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act of 2004: Problems and Prospects by Christine M. Litschgea and Michael G. Vaughn, is a research article whose focus is three-fold. First, the researchers reviewed the literatu re available on the components that have influenced the considerable increases of incarcerated persons with severe mental illness (SMI). Secondly, they analyzed the Mentally Ill OÃ¯ ¬â¬ender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act of 2004 (MIOTCRA), and evaluated if, since its
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Costs would be Just the opposite of several of these, but would also include lack of a good warranty, or not being able to find a place that can service the time-piece. Top Reasons You Want A Nice WatchÃ¢â¬ , A. Adams, 2011 . We will write a custom essay sample on Benefits and cost or any similar topic only for you Order Now ) A weight loss diet can boost self- esteem, energy levels, desirability to those you wish to attract. Good health, though. Is the greatest benefit of a weight loss diet. Costs could be the difficulty level of being able to stick with the diet. Losing weight improperly can cause health issues; if the weight loss diet you have to offer is unhealthy this can be a cost. High prices of weight loss can be prohibitive. (Ã¢â¬Å"Lose Weight, Gain Tons of BenefitsÃ¢â¬ , K. Zealand, n. D. ) Things that could be beneficial to a cruise would be location. Everyone likes to go to beautiful places. Nice accommodation and service areas on board the ship are a must. Other important things can be safety, atmosphere, variety of activities, and areas to relax. Costs could be the expensiveness of the cruise, sea sickness, and boredom. (Ã¢â¬Å"The Pros and Cons of Cruise TravelÃ¢â¬ , A. Powers, 2012) For a new checking account at a bank, the benefits could be ease of deposits, such as online deposits by way of device APS. Being able to cancel checks easily Is Important. The availability of accessing your cash easily Is very Important. Free ATM and debit cards, and the availability of paperless electronic statements can also be beneficial. Costs would include high bounced check fees, annual account fees, and the fact that many businesses are moving away from even accepting checks. (Ã¢â¬Å"Seven Questions to Ask Before Opening a Bank AccountÃ¢â¬ , G. Dwellers, 2013) Ariel Adams, (2011). Top Reasons You Want A Nice Watch. A Blob to Watch. Retrieved July 14, 2014, blowtorch. Com: http://www. blowtorch. Com/top-reasons-you- want-a-nice-expensive-watch/ Kathleen M. Zealand, (n. D. ). Lose Weight, Gain Tons of Benefits. Web MD. Retrieved July 14, 2014, WebMD. Com: http://www. WebMD. Com/delete/features/lose-wealth-gal.- tons-of-benefits India Powers, (2012). The Pros and Cons of Cruise Travel. Apartment Therapy. Retrieved July 14, 2014, parenthetically. Com: http://www. parenthetically. Com/ the-pros-and-cons-of-cruise-travel-192288 Gerri Dwellers, (2013). Seven Questions to Ask Before Opening a Bank Account. Credit. Retrieved July 14, 2014, credit. Com: http://www. credit. Com/personal-Flanagan- questions-to-ask-before-opening-bank-account/ Benefits and cost By wheelhouses ay of device APS. Being able to cancel checks easily is important. The availability of accessing your cash easily is very important. Free ATM and debit cards, and the Before Opening a Bank AccountÃ¢â¬ , G. Detailer, 2013) July 14, 2014, WebMD. Com: http://www. WebMD. Com/diet/features/lose-weight-gain- the-pros-and-cons-of-cruise-travel-192288 Gerri Detailer, (2013). Seven Questions to Ask Before Opening a Bank Account. Credit. Retrieved July 14, 2014, credit. Com: http://www. Credit. Com/personal-Flanagan- questions-to-ask-before-opening-bank-account/ How to cite Benefits and cost, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Write an essay on Data Collection? Answer: Data collection is the most vital part of a research project as it is through the data collection that a researcher reaches the proper outcome of the project. When the researcher is considering carrying out a project regarding international business, the qualitative data collection becomes even more important. It is up to the researcher to decide how to collect the data after the person is done with choosing the participants. As qualitative data collection hugely depends on another person or group of people, it is important that the research handles the participants and keep certain things in mind that will helps the researcher to get a proper outcome of the project (Ryan, Bernard, 2003). The essay will focus on the importance of the qualitative data collection while researching on international business and the factors are essential to keep in mind while collecting the qualitative data. Moreover, it is important that the researcher restate the research statement, the research quest ions and the purpose of the researcher project before colleting the qualitative data for international business. Researchproblem When an organization ventures in an international market, it faces a lot of issues while managing the human resource as well as in the marketing perspective. The research will mainly focus on the problems faced by the marketing team while venturing in an international destination and doing an international business. Purpose The purpose of this research is to evaluate the problems and issues that the marketing team will face while venturing in an international market. Researchquestions What are the issues faced while acquiring new suppliers in the international region? What are the issues faced by the organization while recruiting new employees in the international location? What are the issues faced by the organization while setting up the business in the new location international location will have new regulations and laws by the government? The fieldwork that can be undertaken to answer the research questions will be in the form of interview (Bazeley, 2013). The interviews of the employees of the organization which is veturing in the international location will be important for the research. The observation will be a simultaneous process when the researcher will observe the participants, the change in behavior and whether they are comfortable while giving the interviews. The quality of the researcher lies in the fact that whether the person is able to understand the behavior of the participants and decide that whether the participants are giving authentic answers. In addition to this, the researcher can also talk with the people related to the participants. To get authentic information about the research project, the researcher can do the extra fieldwork of taking the feedback of the other people so that the researcher is sure about the outcome form the qualitative data collection. The role of field notes is very important for the qualitative data collection as far as international business is concerned. The field notes let the researcher to take an account about the important information that will be useful in the future (Cook Farmer, 2011). In addition to this, the field notes help the researcher to relate to the problems of the participants when the person is making the final draft. Then researcher can write down the field notes to take an account of the information that are not directly related to the problems of the research but might be helpful in solving the issues. The advantages of the observations are that it gives the researcher a chance to add some extra information as an outcome of the researcher (Friese, 2011). The observations also let the researcher to state about the further research projects that can be done by other researcher. The main disadvantage of the observations is that it is completely the perspective of the researcher (Gibbs, 2011). It might happen that he observation made by the researcher might not be true. Hence, if the researcher uses the observation then the outcome of the research might differ due to the use of the observations. The interview of the participants let the researcher to get the answer for the research questions in depth (Friese, 2012). While interviewing the participants, the researcher not only asks the questions but indulge in various other conversations, this helps the researcher to get ideas to develop the researcher questions if needed to enhance the quality of the projects. Face-to-face interviews will be better than electronic interviews. The main reason for choosing face-to-face interview over the electronic interviews is that it helps the researcher to study the participants in detail (Grbich, 2013). However, as he employees are venturing in anew location, the employees might not be available to the researcher. The electronic interview at times create problems as the participants do not get time to go through the questions and at times send the answers after the deadline. The researcher then has to keep extra participants in hand who could fill the space for the participants who are unable to send the feedback in the given time. Along with the benefits of the face-to face interview there are certain disadvantages (Rubin Rubin, 2012). The participants are at times accompanied by other employees. At times, the co-employees are helpful in completing the project. However, there are certain times, when the researcher might have to ask personal questions, then the presence of the co-employees might not let the participants give authentic answers (Ritchie, Spencer, 2002). Hence, the researcher has to tactically handle the situations. There are certain ethical issues that the researcher should keep in mind while collecting data for qualitative data analysis (SaldanÃÅ'Ãâa, 2011). The participants who are unwilling to take part in the interview should not be forced to take part in the interview. There are certain projects which involves personal questions if the participants hesitate to give answers to such questions, the researcher should not force the participants to make them answer the questions. If the participants do not want their personal information to become public, the researcher should respect the decision of the participants and keep the information secret. If the situations demand the researcher to let out the information, the researcher should take the permission of the participants and then do the needful. If the participants do not want to let out any information that is related to the companys policy regarding international business then the researcher would not force the employees to give the information. The results of the coding and analysis that will help the researcher reach a proper outcome. The 14 steps that the researcher should; consider while doing the coding the coding and analysis are as follows (Krathwohl, 2009): Creating a storyline It helps the researcher to communicate with the readers as the readers follow the coding process like a story and not just calculations Code the data Assigning a name to each category so that the researcher does not get confused at the a later stage Pre-set codes The researcher mighthave thought ofcoding method.The pre-set codes can be up to ten and or can extend till 40-50 codes. However, it is better that the researcher keep the number of codes less Emergent codes The emergent codes are those that emerge in between the research. There can be certain codes which the researcher might not have thought of but has emerged while the researcher was in the middle of the research Coding as a system and organizing data Marinating a system in way of coding is the best way that the researcher can code a data. The researcher should first analyze what is the research objective and then do the coding Refining codes The researcher should keep on checking the codes and see if the codes need any revision or refining Open coding The researcher predicts the outcome of the result while studying he feedback of the participants Axial coding Axial coding tries to find out the relation between the feedback of the participants Creating a table A table helps the researcher to keep a track of the list of coding that have been done and the remaining that is left be done Coding notes Just like field notes, coding notes is an important part. The tes will help the resecher in the final level Illustration of coding An illustration is necessary while the researcher is coding a material Checking the code Checking whether the coding process is completed and if it needs any further changes Evaluating the code Evaluating the codes and see whether the process has been correct and whether the codes can help the researcher reach a proper outcome Results Finally the results is reached which has been achieved from the coding and analyzing Thus, it can be concluded that qualitative data collection is an important part of a research work as far as international business is concerned. Hence, when the researcher is carrying out qualitative data collection, the person should be aware of certain issues and take measures that the data collection process is successful. It has been identified that face-to face interview is one of the best methods to carry out a qualitative data collection in international business as the employees will be able to speak about the problems in an effective manner. It is necessary that every researcher should follow the steps of coding so that the researcher is sure that the steps taken for the data collection are proper and full proof. References Bazeley, P. (2013). Qualitative data analysis. Los Angeles [i.e. Thousand Oaks, Calif.]: SAGE Publications. Cook, D., Farmer, L. (2011). Using qualitative methods in action research. [Chicago]: Association of College and Research Libraries. Friese, S. (2011). Qualitative data analysis with ATLAS.ti. Los Angeles, Calif. [u.a.]: Sage. Friese, S. (2012). Qualitative data analysis with ATLAS.ti. London: SAGE. Gibbs, G. (2011). Analyzing qualitative data. Los Angeles [u.a.]: SAGE. Grbich, C. (2013). Qualitative data analysis. London: SAGE Publications. Krathwohl, D. R. (2009). Methods of educational and social science research: The logic of methods. Waveland Press. Ritchie, J., Spencer, L. (2002). Qualitative data analysis for applied policy research. The qualitative researchers companion, 305-329. Rubin, H., Rubin, I. (2012). Qualitative interviewing. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. Ryan, G. W., Bernard, H. R. (2003). Techniques to identify themes. Field methods, 15(1), 85-109. SaldanÃÅ'Ãâa, J. (2011). Fundamentals of qualitative research. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wednesday, April 1, 2020
The Missing Evening He was always punctual, at least for his own agenda. Each evening Jim would run through the forest just for fun. This summer night was no exception. The night had grown dark but he was not worried, for he knew the woods well. He sped across an old beaten path and glided over rotten old fallen trees. The damp air was wonderful, he thought, because he could run and never get too hot, and if he kept running hed never get too cold. This forest was made mostly of pine trees, and the needles put a bounce in the young boys step and kept him cheerful. At the clearing he stopped, as he always did, and rested upon a large rock and observed the inky-black sky. This was his favorite spot, his secret spot. Stars shined far brighter here then they did in town, and Jim always felt like he could stay forever. He sighed, and pulled his arms behind his head and stretched out his legs. For some reason this night he was especially relaxed. Either school letting out last week or just one of those giddy days, he didnt know. It is a wonderful day to be alive. After looking into the sky for a few minutes he saw a falling star. It shimmered for merely a moment and went out. Then another came, and another, and after a dozen or so he sat up and beamed, awed by the glowing sky. It seemed that just above him there was a whole meteor shower, purely for his delight. They fell straight down and glowed longer then Jim had ever seen before. Soon the whole clearing was shining a bright white, like on Forth of July. The dozens became hundreds until finally a large radiant circle seemed to be coming straight down above Jim. He let out a sharp little scream of excitement and sprang from the rock, twirling around and around singing to himself as he always did when he was really cheerful. It was another minute before he realized that they werent meteors anymore, but actually the colorful bottom of a spaceship. He stepped back slowly, alert but unafraid. Slowly the craft hovered toward the widest part of the clearing and fell to the earth. Jim stood erect now, excited or scared he didnt know, but he was going to know which it was before he did anything. He decided it must be excitement. And anyway, I couldnt just leave. He told himself. The intense light faded away, and by moonlight Jim walked around the small spaceship. The wings of the craft were torn up. Wires leaped forth from the tears and melted plastic had oozed out and hardened, creating an elliptical half baked purple pancake covering the crafts exterior. The black tinted windows had small cracks throughout. The only orifice was a small door underneath the ship. Jim bent his knees, ducked his head and tugged at the door. He yanked hard and ended up falling onto the moist earth. The door had opened, and a plume of powder emerged blanketing the boy with grey dust. After rubbing his eyes and brushing his pants off as was his habit, he stood once again, poked his head into the ship and peered about the hull. The air was still filled with more gray dust, and Jim couldnt make out a thing. He pushed himself up into the ship despite the discomfort of the dust and explored. Everything was smooth: the walls, the floor, the door, everything. Jim felt the wall until he came to another small door. Pushing it aside, he stepped into this dark room. It was damp and terribly musty. A faint tussling sound moved toward Jim. Still undaunted, the young boy flung his arms in front of himself and crawled blindly toward the queer sound. Ah! Jim clung into his hand and screamed. Something had bitten his arm. He rubbed his hand but it was no use. Jim whimpered, hes whole left arm now throbbing. He pitched on the hard cold floor until he faintly made out the opening from where he had entered this pitch-dark appalling room. As he put forth his
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Verificar estatus de caso migratorio con el USCIS Verificar el estatus del caso de inmigraciÃ ³n en Estados Unidos es un derecho de todas las personas con un caso ante el Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n y CiudadanÃ a (USCIS, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s). En ocasiones la demora puede ser tan grande que uno acaba preguntndose si es que algo va mal o comienza a tener nervios imaginando lo peor y que su caso no va a ser aprobado. Lo cierto es que casi siempre lo que sucede es que las demoras son muy grandes, particularmente para cierto tipo de trmites. Por ello, en este artÃ culo se explica cÃ ³mo se puede conocer quÃ © est pasando con la solicitud migratoria por medio de Internet, por telÃ ©fono o en persona. Adems, hacia el final del artÃ culo hay un enlace para averiguar los tiempos promedio que se estn tardando para tramitar peticiones de familia, naturalizaciones, casos en corte e incluso peticiones de visas no inmigrantes.Ã Opciones para verificar estatus migratorio con USCIS Internet: Por medio de la pgina oficial USICS https:egov.uscis.gov/casestatus. Se necesita el nÃ ºmero de identificaciÃ ³n del caso, el cual consta de 13 caracteres (3 letras seguidas por 10 nÃ ºmeros).Por telÃ ©fono: 1-800-375-5283. Las personas con problemas de audiciÃ ³n pueden marcar al 1-800-767-1833.En persona: Puede presentarse en cualquier oficina migratoria (solo migrantes con estatus legal). Utilice el sistema InfoPass para concertar una cita previamente. Ã ¿CÃ ³mo verificar el estatus del caso con el USCIS? La pgina de Internet del Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n y CiudadanÃ a (USCIS, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s) ofrece un servicio en inglÃ ©s y en espaÃ ±ol para revisar cÃ ³mo se va procesando el caso migratorio de cada inmigrante. Debe introducirse en la casilla apropiada el nÃ ºmero de recibo del caso que se quiere verificar y est compuesto por 13 caracteres. Esto es, tres letras seguido por diez nÃ ºmeros. Las letras pueden ser cualquiera de las siguientes: EAC, WAC, LIN, SRC. Es muy importante que al introducir no se escriba ningÃ ºn sÃ mbolo de guion (-). Sin embargo, si el nÃ ºmero incluye otros sÃ mbolos, como por ejemplo asteriscos (*), sÃ deben incluirse. El nÃ ºmero que pide la pgina del USCIS es el que corresponde a un determinado caso migratorio. Se encuentra en el recibo de confirmaciÃ ³n que envÃ a a cada inmigrante que realiza una peticiÃ ³n o solicitud antes las autoridades migratorias. En el caso de peticiones de tarjeta de residencia para un familiar o de visa de prometido (novio o fiancÃ ©), ese nÃ ºmero est en el documento conocido como NOA1. DespuÃ ©s de introducir el nÃ ºmero de recibo, presionar la tecla de verifique estatus. Se abrir una pantalla en la que se pueden comprobar los pasos por los que ya ha pasado la solicitud del inmigrante y cules estn todavÃ a pendientes. Ã ¿CÃ ³mo recibir actualizaciones de estatus de caso electrÃ ³nico? Cada inmigrante que tiene un caso pendiente con el USCIS puede solicitar que se le mantenga al dÃ a sobre cÃ ³mo se va procesando su solicitud mediante correo electrÃ ³nico. Para este caso es preciso crear previamente una cuenta en la pgina del Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n presionando en inscribirse como cliente solicitante. A continuaciÃ ³n, debe aceptar los tÃ ©rminos y condiciones de uso de este servicio y ya se puede darse de alta en este servicio. InformaciÃ ³n electrÃ ³nica para planillas N-400 e I-90 Solo para los casos de los formularios N-400, para solicitar la ciudadanÃ a estadounidense por naturalizaciÃ ³n, o I-90, la solicitud para reemplazar la tarjeta de residente permanente o green card, es posible verificar el estatus del caso mediante el denominado e-request. Para poder utilizar este servicio es necesario que ya haya transcurrido el tiempo normal de procesamiento de estos documentos y no se tenga respuesta. Por ejemplo, en la actualidad para el N-400 est entre 12 y 20 meses, variando enormemente segÃ ºn la oficina encargada para su procesamiento. Por otro lado, para el I-90, de 4 meses a 10 meses y medio. Si pasado este tiempo no tiene noticias, puede plantear su pregunta. Si sigue sin obtener respuesta, debe dejar pasar 30 dÃ as antes de volver a pedir una explicaciÃ ³n. Solicitud de informaciÃ ³n sobre el estatus del caso en persona Los inmigrantes con estatus migratorio legal pueden verificar el estatus del caso presentndose en las oficinas del USCIS y, tras esperar en fila a que llegue su turno, preguntar por su caso. O tambiÃ ©n es posible concertar una cita para un dÃ a y una hora en concreto mediante el servicio InfoPass. Es muy importante que los migrantes indocumentados no se presenten voluntariamente en persona en las oficinas del USCIS ya que pueden ser detenidos. Sin embargo, en los casos en los que han sido previamente citados sÃ deben presentarse, pero es altamente recomendable que vayan acompaÃ ±ados de abogados migratorios. Solicitud por telÃ ©fono de informaciÃ ³n sobre estatus de caso Los migrantes tambiÃ ©n pueden comunicarse con el Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n por telÃ ©fono, marcando al 1-800-375-5283 o al 1-800-767-1833, si se sufre de algÃ ºn problema de audiciÃ ³n. Se brinda servicio en inglÃ ©s y en espaÃ ±ol. Se puede llamar a cualquier otra para recibir informaciÃ ³n automatizada, es decir, ofrecida por una computadora. Para hablar con una persona es preciso realizar la llamada en horas de oficina (8am a 6 pm) de lunes a viernes, si el inmigrante se encuentra en cualquiera de los estados de EUA excepto Hawaii (8am-4pm) o Alaska (8am-5pm). Recuerde tener a mano toda la informaciÃ ³n necesaria, como el nÃ ºmero de caso, el Alien Registration Number, si se tiene, el pasaporte o cualquier otro documento que contenga informaciÃ ³n importante sobre su situaciÃ ³n de inmigraciÃ ³n en USA. Verificar estatus de caso con el CENTRO NACIONAL DE VISAS DespuÃ ©s de que el USCIS apruebe una peticiÃ ³n de visa no inmigrante, si la tramitaciÃ ³n debe seguir un procesamiento consular (cuando la persona pedida est fuera de EEUU o, si est aquÃ , no puede ajustar su estatus) la solicitud pasa al Centro Nacional de Visas (NVC, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s). Y aquÃ se va a recibir un nuevo nÃ ºmero de caso, que es el que se debe utilizar para comunicarse con el NVC. Es muy importante entender, adems, que en los siguientes casos la tramitaciÃ ³n va a quedar dormida por un tiempo: peticiÃ ³n de ciudadano de green card para hijos casados, hijos solteros mayores de 21 aÃ ±os y hermanospeticiÃ ³n de residentes para cÃ ³nyuges e hijos solteros (menores y mayores de 21 aÃ ±os)peticiones de green card patrocinadas por empleador Esto se debe a que es necesario que haya tarjetas de residencia disponibles para la categorÃ a por la que se aplica. AsÃ , es posible obtener la aprobaciÃ ³n en unos meses pero tener que esperar incluso aÃ ±os por la green card. Una vez que hay nÃ ºmero de visa disponible, comienza la fase final de la tramitaciÃ ³n. La disponibilidad de tarjetas de residencia o determinadas categorÃ as de visas se puede verificar en el Ã ºltimo boletÃ n de visasÃ del Departamento de Estado, para ello hay que tener a mano la fecha de prioridad que aparece en la carta que se conoce como NOA2, y que enviÃ ³ el USCIS. Por el contrario, las peticiones de ciudadano para cÃ ³nyuge, hijos solteros menores de 21 aÃ ±os y padres no tienen que esperar, por lo que una vez que lleguen al NVC se proceder a su tramitaciÃ ³n sin demora. Tiempos de demora en tramitaciÃ ³n y quÃ © hacer con retrasos. Es posible informarse de cunto aproximadamente se estn demorando los casos similares ante el USCIS dependiendo de la oficina de tramitaciÃ ³n, visas no inmigrantes, migrantes, NVC e incluso enÃ Corte etc. Adems, en casos de demoras ms all de lo habitual para el mismo tipo de casos, se puede demandar mediante lo que se conoce como un writ of mandamus. Para ellos, consultar antes con un abogado. De interÃ ©s para obtener confiable informaciÃ ³n para resolver inquietudes Para obtener ms informaciÃ ³n sobre telÃ ©fonos o pginas webs en los que acudir para encontrar informaciÃ ³n oficial, denunciar fraudes migratorios o encontrar asesorÃ a legal a buen precio y reputada se puede consultar esta lista importante de recursos para migrantes. Este es un artÃ culo meramente informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Are the Millenium Development Goals achievable - Essay Example However, as years passed, it was increasingly apparent that these goals would not be realized. Today, the declaration is already halfway through its timetable and this paper will discuss why the MDG will be a failure by the year 2015. One of the main targets of the Millennium Development Goals is the eradication of at least 50% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s poverty. This has been one of the most problematic areas in realizing the objectives due to its financial implications. Adrian Bradbrook (2005), for instance, argued that in order for about 1 billion people to live beyond the $1 dollar a day benchmark, they would need to have access to modern energy services, as this is an important precondition for the eradication of poverty. (224) The magnitude of this dilemma is staggering. Bradbrook stated that a cumulative investment of US$200 to $400 billion dollars ($40 billion per year) for people to access energy services such as electricity, liquid and gaseous fuels, electrical appliances for cooking and so on. This challenge is highlighted by the decline in finances of international agencies and the failure of respective governments to generate funds themselves in order to address basic energy needs due to fiscal difficulti es. This is besides other factors that require large scale funding such as the installation of infrastructures and technologies that will spur development in poor countries. Here, we encounter another dilemma in addressing the issue on international partnership on development. One should remember that overseas development assistance extended by developed countries are generally conditional, and in the realist view, are driven by self-interest. That is why the institutionalization of welfare principles in this front, which is central to the MDGÃ¢â¬â¢s success, has been nothing but rhetoric. The US leadership in the world community is also one huge determining factor in the fate of the Millennium